Anal Gland Infection in Puppies

Many people think that anal gland problems are caused by food. However, this is not the case in most cases. Anal glands are just a normal part of dog anatomy and they’re not anything to be afraid of if your dog doesn’t look sick or if he can walk and eat on his own.

What is an anal gland infection?

Anal gland infections are caused when bacteria from the outside world gets into the dog’s anus and causes swelling in the anal glands. These swellings will block off the canal (hole) where poop comes out, so that poop can’t come out as easily. When stool stays trapped inside your dog’s body for a long period of time, it can begin to rot and cause severe pain for your pet. Anal gland infections can also cause bleeding from the anus, which requires immediate medical attention as it could lead to death if left untreated.

How do I know if my dog has an anal gland infection?

There are many different symptoms that you may see with an anal gland infection, so it’s important to learn what they are so you know what to look for and how to tell if something is wrong with your pup’s health in general or with his butt specifically:

Symptoms of Anal Gland Infections

  • Your dog is dragging its bum along the floor after pooping.
  • Your dog is licking its bottom excessively and shaking its head afterwards.
  • Your dog is scooting across the floor with its back end, as if trying to clean itself in that fashion (which will likely only spread infection).
  • You notice any other unusual behavior regarding your pet’s backside, such as excessive licking or wiggling about when sitting down (both of which can indicate anal gland infections).

Treatment for Anal Gland Infections

Treatment for anal gland infections in puppies often includes antibiotics and pain medication. Antifungal cream or antibiotic cream can be applied to the affected area to help clear up any skin infection. Antibiotic ointment is also used to heal sore spots and prevent infection. If your puppy has an anal gland infection, your vet may prescribe antibiotics such as Baytril or Trifexis for dogs (also known as Enrofloxacin) or Doxycycline hyclate tablets.

Antibiotics alone aren’t enough though—you’ll also need pain medication to treat your pup’s discomfort! Your vet may prescribe NSAIDs like Rimadyl that contain nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

How to Decide Whether to Do Surgery

At this point, you probably have a pretty good idea of whether or not surgery is right for your puppy. If it is, then surgery will relieve your dog of the chronic discomfort and pain caused by an anal gland infection.

But before deciding on that route, there are other factors to consider besides simply the presence of an infection:

  • Is there any underlying cause? For example, has your dog recently been spayed or neutered? Many veterinarians believe that these procedures cause inflammation in the anal glands as they heal. Have they been feeding your pup a lot of fatty snacks lately? This can also lead to inflammation and infections in their glands. Does he live with other dogs who might be picking up germs from him (or vice versa)? These are all factors that could increase the likelihood of developing a bacterial infection in those delicate little sacs under his tail—and thus lead you down this path toward surgery!
  • What are his risks for surgery? While rare occurrences do happen even after following all proper procedures during an operation (such as anesthesia), having him undergo anesthesia increases his risk for complications such as seizures and organ failure due to overmedication/undermeditation by itself—even if nothing goes wrong during recovery!

What You Can Do at Home

You can help your puppy by giving him a bath. A good scrubbing will get rid of any dead skin cells or fecal matter that are stuck in the area, and a fresh-smelling pup is always a happy pup! If the infection is very bad, ask your vet about using an ointment to soothe his bottom and make him more comfortable.

If the anal gland inflammation doesn’t improve after 24 hours (or if it gets worse), then contact your veterinarian immediately.

How to Avoid Anal Gland Infections in the Future

If you’re concerned about your dog’s anal gland health, there are a few things you can do to help. First and foremost, feed your dog a high-quality food and make sure they aren’t overweight. The more weight they carry around their midsection, the more pressure is placed on their glands when they pass stool and push it out of their rectum.

Also be sure to clean up after your puppy; anal gland infections can start with just one dirty fecal deposit on the carpet or couch! Finally, if you notice any discomfort or discharge from your pet’s anus that doesn’t go away quickly (within 24 hours), see your veterinarian immediately for treatment advice.

Get a diagnosis before proceeding.

A diagnosis is important before attempting to treat your puppy’s infection. This way, you know what type of infection it is and which treatment will be most effective.

  • Your veterinarian can perform a physical exam and take a sample for analysis to determine the correct treatment plan for your dog.
  • If your vet does not have the ability to diagnose this type of problem, he or she may refer you to another clinic that specializes in anal gland surgery or an animal hospital with specialized equipment and staff trained specifically for these procedures.

How long does it take for a dogs infected anal gland to heal?

How long does it take for a dogs infected anal gland to heal?

It depends on the severity of the infection. If your dog has an infection that is caused by bacteria or fungi, then it may take 2-3 weeks for them to be fully healed. The problem is that during this time, you have to keep cleaning your dog’s anal glands and putting medication into the glands.

If there are any stones in your dogs anal glands, then they will need surgery in order to remove these stones before they can heal properly. This surgery can cost anywhere between $500-1000 depending on where you live and how big/small the stones are (some vets charge more than others).

How long does it take for a dogs infected anal gland to heal?

It depends on the severity of the infection. If your dog has an infection that is caused by bacteria or fungi, then it may take 2-3 weeks for them to be fully healed. The problem is that during this time, you have to keep cleaning your dog’s anal glands and putting medication into the glands.

What causes anal gland problems in dogs?

Anal glands, also known as anal sacs, are small sacs located at the base of a dog’s tail. They produce a foul-smelling liquid that’s secreted when a dog defecates. The anal glands work in conjunction with the muscles in your dog’s rectum to expel waste from his body through his anus.

Anal gland problems can occur if your puppy is unable to empty them effectively when he poops (pooping). This may happen for many reasons: the fluid builds up and can cause discomfort; the owner doesn’t understand how to express them regularly enough; or something else is going on that prevents proper elimination of stool from occurring simultaneously.

The result of an untreated condition like this? An infection!

Can food cause anal gland issues in dogs?

Food allergies are one of the most common causes of anal gland issues in dogs. Not only can food allergies cause inflammation and itching, but it can also lead to chewing and licking at the anal glands. If you suspect that your dog’s anal gland problems are caused by an allergic reaction to his or her diet, talk with your veterinarian about switching over to a hypoallergenic diet.


When your puppy has a problem, it’s important to learn all you can about what it is, how to treat it, and how to prevent it in the future. We hope these answers have helped! If you still have questions or concerns, we encourage you to get in touch with us at any time.