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Bernese Mountain Dog: Breed Characteristics

Bernese Mountain Dogs are large and sturdy dogs with a striking tricolor coat, intelligent and friendly disposition, and a thick mane around the neck and chest. They have been popular family pets for hundreds of years in their native Switzerland, where they were initially used as farm dogs.

Today they’re still prized for their calm and even temperaments, making them good companions in homes with children and other pets. The Berner is also known to be very patient with kids, though he might accidentally knock over a toddler when attempting to play! Since this breed loves being active outdoors, he’s an ideal dog for active families that can provide him with plenty of exercise opportunities.

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The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, sturdy, and strong dog. It has a long head with floppy ears and an abundance of wrinkles that make it look like they have permanent smiles on their faces.

Bernese Mountain Dogs are very loyal and hardworking dogs. They love to be part of the family, especially if something is exciting going on! They enjoy learning new things as well as doing chores around the house or farm such as helping out with chores like pulling carts or carrying heavy loads inside.

Although they can have lots of energy when they’re young, they tend to calm down quite quickly once they reach maturity at around two years old (or even earlier). But don’t worry – this doesn’t mean your Berner won’t be fun anymore! Just because he/she has calmed down doesn’t mean he/she won’t need exercise every day!

Your Bernese will still need plenty of exercises just like any other breed does; however, these days it might just mean fewer miles per walk instead of more miles per walk than usual because he/she got older along with everyone else in your family over time instead 😉

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Size and Weight

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large breed, weighing between 55 and 80 pounds. On average, height is between 24 and 28 inches. One of the most distinctive features of this dog is its color. The Bernese Mountain Dog has a black coat with white markings on his face, chest, and lower legs that give him the appearance of wearing tights or stockings.

The Bernese Mountain Dog is an athletic dog that needs plenty of exercises to stay healthy and happy as well as to release excess energy. He loves being outside and having a job to do like pulling carts or carrying children on hikes in the woods! If you have no time for fun activities with your dog, please consider adopting one who already has plenty of experience doing exciting things with their owners!

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Physical Characteristics

The Bernese Mountain Dog’s large, square body is a thing of beauty. This sturdy breed is built for climbing mountains and carrying loads. He has a broad head with a moderate stop—the hairline between the forehead and muzzle—and dark brown eye color. His ears are set low on his head, which gives him an alert look that makes you want to trust him immediately.

His tail curls over his back and is carried close to the ground when at rest but raised in excitement or alertness; it may be carried straight out as well as up when excited or alert. A solid black tip on the tail indicates that he is working or being trained as a guard dog, while white tips indicate he is not working or training at all times and can be kept indoors without worry about injury from other dogs (or squirrels).

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The Berner is a breed of dog originating in Switzerland and named for the Canton of Bern. The breed has a large, muscular body with an imposing appearance and an excellent sense of smell. This makes him a good working dog with instincts to protect his family, property, or flock (if applicable).

Berner dogs are very loyal, calm, and gentle with their owners, but can be wary of strangers and should be socialized early on with other people and pets. They generally get along well with children because they tend not to react too enthusiastically when excited kids run around them; however, kids must be taught how to properly interact with dogs so they don’t accidentally hurt one.

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Puppyhood and Training

Puppyhood is the best time for training. It’s important for socialization, obedience, and house training. Teaching your dog good manners will help with behavior issues in the future. Your Berner puppy can be trained as early as 8 weeks old, but it’s best if you start a few months before he turns 1 year old.

The first thing you need to do is make sure your puppy has proper health care and gets all of his shots. It’s also important that you bring him to a veterinarian at least once every year for a checkup so that any health issues can be detected early on and treated properly.

Health and Grooming

Berners are generally healthy dogs, but there are some things you should be aware of when choosing your new puppy:

The Bernese Mountain Dog has been bred for centuries to work in harsh conditions, meaning they don’t always do well in warm climates or where there is little shade or shelter from the elements; this can lead to overheating if left outside for long periods without water access (and even then!). If you live in a hot climate with little shade available for outdoor exercise then consider another breed for your next family dog!

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The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large breed, and as such is susceptible to hip dysplasia. This is an inherited condition that can be exacerbated by Too much weight gain during puppyhood or adolescence or too much exercise (especially running) on hard surfaces. Dysplastic hips will eventually lead to arthritis pain and lameness; treatment options include joint supplements, weight management, anti-inflammatory medication, and surgery in severe cases.

Older Berners are also at increased risk for developing cancer; any new lumps or bumps should be evaluated by your veterinarian ASAP as early detection is key to successful treatment.


You should now have a better idea of whether or not a Bernese mountain dog is a right pet for you. We covered everything from the breed’s history and personality to its health concerns, grooming needs, and training tips. The Berner is a great companion for active families who want a low-maintenance yet fun-loving dog. If you decide to adopt one of these beautiful companions, you’ll be rewarded with an incredibly loyal friend!