Most dogs and puppies develop allergies as they grow older. The reason for this is that their immune system has become stronger and better able to fight off infections. As a result, they are less likely to get sick. When a dog or puppy gets sick, however, it may be harder for them to recover. This is because their immune systems are already working hard to protect them against infection.
The immune system of a puppy or adult dog may act against different substances. These include foods, chemicals, pollens, dust mites and the like. Some common food allergies are beef, chicken, turkey and wheat.
Some breeds of dogs are more susceptible to allergies than others. Dogs bred to work (such as German shepherds) also have a higher risk of developing allergies. Dogs that are ill or under stress may also develop more frequent allergic reactions.
The symptoms of food allergies in dogs include skin problems, vomiting and diarrhea, breathing difficulties, ear infections and seizures. These conditions can be treated by eliminating the offending food from the dog’s diet. Common foods to avoid are beef, dairy products, chicken, lamb, soya and wheat.
Food allergies should be treated with strict avoidance of the food that the dog is sensitive to. For example, if your dog is allergic to beef, then you should avoid giving her any beef-based products. If your dog has flea saliva allergies, then you need to treat for fleas and allergen-proof your house. If your dog has dust mite allergies, then you should bathe him regularly and avoid carpeting in the house.
Another common allergy in dogs is flea allergies. Dogs are allergic to the saliva of the fleas which feeds on their blood. The symptoms of a flea bite include hair loss, hot spots (red, itchy rashes) and general skin irritation.
The symptoms of a dog with flea allergies tend to occur between seven days and four months after the pup was exposed to the pest. Dogs may also become sick as a result of poisoning from ingesting certain plants or chemicals. The best way for owners to avoid these problems is to keep their pets well groomed. This can be done by brushing the coat to remove loose fur. It should also be done daily to reduce the amount of dander (dead skin) which accumulates in the house.
Dermatitis is inflammation of the skin which leads to itching and damage to the coat. The condition occurs when a dog eats certain foods, has an infection or is exposed to any one of several chemicals.
The symptoms that develop in dogs with dermatitis include excessive licking and chewing, hair loss and inflamed skin. To treat the problem, the dog needs to have the chemical that he is allergic to removed from his environment.
Flea and heartworm prevention are important in preventing dermatitis, as well. If your dog has dermatitis already, then you will need to bathe him with oatmeal shampoo or something similar. You should also use a mild cortisone cream on the affected area.
How To Treat Allergies
Dogs with certain allergies may need medication or veterinary treatment for relief. Dogs with flea allergies, however, do not need special medication unless the problem is a serious one. Many vets recommend monthly flea control treatments, however, to keep the number of fleas down and reduce allergic symptoms.
Dogs usually show improvement within 24-hours after starting on a new food or treatment program. Owners should consult with their local vet for further advice about preventing allergies in dogs.