If your dog has a hot spot, it’s important that you speak with your veterinarian. Some breeds are more likely to get hot spots and if yours does, certain things in your home (such as carpeting) can increase the likelihood of developing one. Also, some dogs need additional treatment or medication beyond what you might be able to provide at home.
What are hot spots on dogs and what causes them ?
If your dog is scratching or chewing on one spot, it’s probably a hot spot. They are usually caused by allergies and/or yeast infections resulting from an open wound. These usually start small, but can grow larger if they’re not properly taken care of. Treatment for hot spots includes cleaning the area with an antiseptic solution and applying topical treatments or oral medications to reduce itching and treat the infection.
As with any problem affecting your pet, you should take him/her to a veterinarian for diagnosis of the cause and treatment. Some breeds are more likely than others to get hot spots. These include dogs with thick coats (such as German shepherds, golden retrievers, Saint Bernards, etc.), dogs that are heavily matted or have skin folds (such as long-haired dachshunds), and lazy dogs who don’t get much exercise.
How to treat hot spots on dogs
Hot spots are extremely uncomfortable for your dog so you should take him to a veterinarian if he has one. They will normally prescribe medications to kill the yeast infection or antibiotics to kill the infection causing the redness, pain and irritation of a hot spot. You should also speak to a veterinarian about the appropriate shampoo and treatment for your dog’s skin.
How to prevent hot spots on dogs
You can help prevent hot spots from developing by brushing your dog regularly, especially during shedding seasons or after swimming in a lake or ocean. You should also keep his coat trimmed to reduce skin folds where yeast infections thrive and work on a regular exercise routine. If you notice your dog chewing and scratching frequently, inspect his coat closely for yellowish crusts on the skin. If this is found, take him to a veterinarian immediately.
Home remedies for treating hot spots
Treatment for hot spots usually involves clipping the hair, bathing with a medicated shampoo, applying an antiseptic ointment and covering the wound with a bandage. You might also need to keep your dog from licking his wounds.
In some cases, home remedies might not be successful in resolving a hot spot and your veterinarian should check it out to rule out other conditions. In this case, your veterinarian might suggest removing hair from the affected area or prescribe oral antibiotics.
Home remedies for hot spots on dogs include clipping the hair, bathing him with a medicated shampoo, applying a topical antibiotic ointment and covering the wound with a bandage. You should also keep your dog from licking his wounds as this can delay healing and increase swelling.
In some cases, home remedies might not be successful in resolving a hot spot, and a veterinarian should check it out to rule out other conditions. In this case, your veterinarian might suggest removing hair from the affected area or prescribe oral antibiotics.
In order to help prevent hot spots from developing or recurring it’s important that you use a high quality shampoo for dogs on your canine companion at least once a week. You should also keep his coat clean and free of mats, maintain an exercise routine so he has adequate outlets for energy, and brush him at least once a day.