Rectal Prolapse in Dogs

Rectal prolapse is a condition in which the end of the large intestine, called the rectum, falls out of position and comes out through the anus. Rectal prolapse is more common in puppies because their anal muscles are not as well developed as adult dogs. This can also be a problem in old or elderly dogs because their muscles become weaker with age.

Rectal prolapse may occur when a dog strains to defecate (or urinate if it is a male dog) and has difficulty passing feces (or urine) due to blockage or some other condition that causes straining. The most common cause of straining to defecate is constipation due to an impacted bowel (a buildup of stool).

Rectal prolapse is usually caused by straining to defecate.

If a dog strains to defecate or urinate, it can cause the rectum to prolapse. This is usually because of either constipation or diarrhea. If your dog has been straining for long periods of time, it’s important that you take him or her to the vet as soon as possible.

  • Constipation: When there’s too much stool buildup in the colon, it can press against the rectal muscles and push them out of place.
  • Diarrhea: If your dog has had diarrhea for an extended period of time (more than 12 hours), his/her anal sphincter could become weak and unable to hold the rectum in place during regular bowel movements—this will result in a prolapse on both ends!

Blood may also be present on the prolapsed tissue.

Blood is always a concern when it comes to anal glands. It can indicate that something has torn, ruptured or perforated the tissue, which requires immediate veterinary attention. If bleeding is present around a prolapsed tumor or other mass, this is also cause for concern and should be addressed as soon as possible.

See also  Vaginitis in Dogs

In addition to blood being visible on the prolapsed tissue itself, there may also be blood in your dog’s stool. If you notice this symptom along with others listed above (such as vomiting), it’s important that you seek medical attention immediately because your pup will likely need surgery to correct these issues before they become life-threatening or cause further damage to his digestive tract

Straining to urinate can also cause a prolapse, especially in male dogs.

Urinating is a natural function of the dog, and most dogs do this without issue. In some cases, however, male dogs may struggle to urinate due to an enlarged prostate gland or other health issues. This can lead to straining that causes prolapse in male dogs.

In female dogs, a prolapsed rectum might occur if your pet has given birth recently or is going through heat cycles (called estrus) since these are times of hormonal fluctuation for females of any species. Female neutered dogs can also experience this issue because their reproductive organs remain in place after being neutered due to surgery on those organs rather than removal altogether.

If you have an un-neutered female or male dog that cannot easily pass feces or urine respectively then they may be experiencing some form of prolapse which requires treatment immediately! If this occurs with puppies it’s important not just because they need immediate attention but also because puppies grow quickly and will outgrow a problem faster than adults would if left untreated which means there could be long-term consequences down the line such as permanent damage done by surgery later on down life’s path…

See also  Actinomycosis in Dogs

The dog will typically strain to defecate or urinate and no fecal material or urine will pass, even though the dog feels the need to do so.

While the dog is straining, you will see a bulge in its rectum that may or may not be accompanied by blood. If you see blood, call your veterinarian immediately because this could indicate a more serious problem (such as an anal gland infection).

The dog will typically strain to defecate or urinate and no fecal material or urine will pass, even though the dog feels the need to do so. The rectal prolapse is visible externally as an enlarged mass protruding from the anus; it looks like a small balloon or “balloon-like” object hanging outside of his/her anus.

Sigmoidoscopy and Rectoscopy (procedures which use a long tube with a light and camera attached to view inside the colon) are often used to diagnose rectal prolapse.

The procedures are done in the same way as an endoscopy, with an examination tube attached to a camera and light. The colon is examined from within, which allows the veterinarian to see if there are any abnormalities such as tumors or abscesses that could be causing rectal prolapse.

If your dog is diagnosed with rectal prolapse and you’re considering whether or not surgery is necessary, talk to your vet about what options they recommend for treatment. Surgery can be very effective but it does come at a cost and can also be risky depending on your dog’s overall health condition.

In severe cases, surgical repair may be necessary.

If your dog’s rectal prolapse is severe, surgical repair may be necessary. Surgery can be performed as an outpatient procedure, but it takes time and experience to do it properly. In some cases, surgery can even fail to resolve the problem completely. If your dog’s prolapsed rectum doesn’t respond to conservative treatment in a reasonable amount of time (2-3 months), you should consider having him or her examined by an experienced veterinarian who specializes in treating these conditions.

See also  Giardiasis in Puppies

Most cases of rectal prolapse can be successfully treated with conservative therapies.

Most cases are caused by congenital defects, and it is a common condition in dogs. Most cases can be successfully treated with conservative therapies such as manual reduction, medication to reduce inflammation and promote healing, dietary changes (feeding canned food instead of dry food), and exercise restriction. In severe cases where conservative treatments have failed or if there is an obstruction of intestinal flow as part of this disorder, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged areas or remove obstructions before attempting further treatment.


If your dog is straining to defecate or urinate and no fecal material or urine passes, you should take him to a veterinarian as soon as possible. The veterinarian will perform a rectal examination. If a prolapse is seen, the tissue may be gently pushed back into place until it heals. Your dog will often need antibiotics to prevent infection and pain medication for comfort.