Calculus, often known as tartar, is a kind of tooth plaque that has solidified and is used in dentistry. It is brought on by the precipitation of minerals in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva that are present in the plaque that is on the teeth. The bacterial cells that are contained within dental plaque are killed during this process of precipitation. Nevertheless, the rough and hardened surface that is generated during this process offers an excellent surface for future plaque production. This results in the accumulation of calculus, which is detrimental to the health of the gingival tissue (gums).
Calculus can form in two places: along the gumline, where it is known as supragingival (which literally translates to “above the gum”), and within the narrow sulcus that exists between the teeth and the gingiva, where it is known as subgingival. Both of these locations are known as the subgingival sulcus (“below the gum”).
The development of calculus is linked to a variety of clinical symptoms, such as persistent gingival inflammation, poor breath, and receding gums. Plaque, the substance from which calculus is generated, may be eliminated by brushing and flossing; but, once calculus has developed, it is too hard and securely adhered to be removed with a toothbrush.
Why Does My Dog Have Tartar?
The deposit of plaque and germs on the teeth is called tartar, which is sometimes referred to as dental calculus. Plaque is a sticky coating that is made up of bits and pieces of food, germs, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it will eventually harden into calculus if it is not removed. Calculus is impossible to eradicate without the assistance of a skilled cleansing.
Professional cleanings are essential because the removal of tartar and bacteria, which can lead to gum disease, tooth decay, and bad breath, respectively, is accomplished by the professionals. In addition, tartar can make it difficult to brush and floss effectively, which can result in other dental issues. Even the most conscientious pet owner will need to take their dog to the vet at regular intervals to have their dog’s teeth professionally cleaned, despite the fact that frequent brushing and flossing at home can help to prevent tartar formation.
At What Age Do Dogs Get Tartar?
Dogs can start to get tartar on their teeth as early as 3 years old. Small breeds tend to get tartar sooner than large breeds. However, all dogs are susceptible to tartar buildup if they do not have their teeth cleaned regularly. Professional cleanings are the best way to remove tartar and prevent gum disease. Brushing your dog’s teeth daily with dog-specific toothpaste can help remove plaque and prevent tartar buildup.
What Softens Tartar on Dog’s Teeth?
It’s no secret that tartar can build up on a dog’s teeth over time, just like it does on human teeth. And while there are a number of products on the market designed to help remove tartar, many dog owners are curious about whether baking soda can also be effective. While baking soda is often touted as a natural cleaning agent, it’s important to keep in mind that it is also quite abrasive.
As a result, it’s not recommended to use baking soda on a dog’s teeth on a regular basis. However, if tartar has already built up and needs to be removed, baking soda can be used as part of a one-time cleaning routine. Simply mix equal parts baking soda and water to form a paste, then apply the paste to your dog’s teeth with a soft-bristled toothbrush.
Work the paste into the teeth for several minutes before rinsing away with plain water. Be sure to follow up with a regular tooth-brushing routine using dog-specific toothpaste to help prevent tartar from building up again in the future.
While tartar is a hard substance, there are products available that can help to soften it and make it easier to remove. One such product is dental gel. Dental gel contains enzymes that break down tartar, making it softer and easier to remove. Another option is dental spray. Dental spray contains ingredients that help to loosen tartar, making it easier to brush away. For dogs with particularly stubborn tartar, ultrasonic toothbrush may be recommended. Ultrasonic toothbrushes create vibrations that help to loosen tartar and make it easier to remove.
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