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Types of Working Dogs and the Jobs They Do

A dog is a man’s best friend, as the old saying goes. But they’re not just friends; they’re also workers! In this post, we’ll look at some of the many jobs that dogs can do, including guide work for blind people, search and rescue work to find missing people, detection of illegal drugs and explosives, and companionship for people in hospitals and nursing homes.

Guide dogs for the blind

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Guide dogs for the blind are trained to help their handlers navigate the world. These dogs are taught to guide their owners around obstacles and help them cross streets. Guide dogs are also trained to stop at curbs, steps, or other obstacles so that their handlers know when they need to slow down or step up. Finally, guide dogs can be taught which doors (and sometimes even which rooms) they’re supposed to take their owners into.

Search and rescue dogs

A firefighter walking a dog

Search and rescue dogs are trained to find people who are lost or trapped in rubble, buried under snow, or trapped in buildings. They can also be trained to find people who are trapped underwater. Search and rescue dogs do their work by sniffing out the scent of their target person. The dog will lead its handler to the area where the person is hiding or trapped. Some search-and-rescue dogs have been found at disaster sites with their heads down near survivors who were not moving so that they would not be hurt by falling debris.

Dogs trained to detect illegal drugs

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Curiously enough, it’s not just police officers who have to make sure that the things they touch don’t contain illegal drugs. Dogs trained to detect illegal substances are also used by postal workers and others whose work involves the transportation of mail.

When a dog is trained to detect a particular substance, he or she will smell it on a sample (for example, an item of mail) and then indicate its presence by sitting down or barking. The dog’s alert is used as evidence in court against those who attempt to smuggle drugs into prisons or other institutions via the mail system. It can also be used to find drugs that are hidden within a vehicle or airplane being searched at an airport.

Medical alert dogs

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Medical alert dogs are able to be trained to alert their owners of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), seizures, and other medical conditions. They can also be trained to detect other types of emergencies, such as someone trying to break into the house or someone who has fallen in the house.

Therapy dogs

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Therapy dogs are trained to provide emotional support to people in hospitals, nursing homes, schools, prisons, and other facilities. They’re also used as a part of pet therapy programs. Some therapy dogs may visit people in their own homes or take part in community events like fairs and festivals. Therapy dogs must be calm, friendly, and well-behaved around strangers; they need to be able to handle stressful situations like loud noises or crowds of people without losing their temper or getting upset.


Working dogs are amazing. They take on many different roles in our lives and societies, from helping us explore space to finding the best and tastiest slices of bacon. We hope you enjoyed learning about some of the things they do and how they do them—maybe after reading this piece, you’ll even be inspired to dedicate your life (or at least your career) to working with these superpowered pups. Maybe there’s even a career out there for you as a canine astronaut!