Vaginitis in Dogs

Vaginitis is a medical condition that refers to inflammation of the vagina. Vaginitis can be caused by an infection or other medical conditions such as cystitis (bladder inflammation) or urethritis (urethra inflammation). Vaginitis is most common in young, unspayed females, but it can occur in any female dog. Treatment for vaginitis usually consists of antibiotics and pain management medications.

Causes of Vaginitis

Vaginitis is when the vagina becomes inflamed. There are many different causes, some of which can be bacterial, viral and fungal.

Vaginal infections typically involve a buildup of bacteria, yeast or parasites in and around the dog’s vulva. A bacterial infection will cause a discharge from the vagina that may or may not be accompanied by itching or irritation for your dog. Yeast infections appear as thick white or yellow-colored clumps on your dog’s fur and skin surrounding her genital area. A trichomoniasis infection looks like cottage cheese-like material stuck to your dog’s vaginal folds, groin area or inner thighs—it may also include a foul-smelling discharge from her genitals along with some itching and discomfort for her too!

Symptoms of Vaginitis

  • Discharge: Vaginal discharge can be of various colors, depending on the cause.
  • Itching: Your dog may experience vaginal itching if there’s an infection present.
  • Odor: The smell of your dog’s vagina can be an indicator that something is wrong; however, it’s important to remember that certain breeds—especially those with large folds in their skin—are more prone to having a strong odor than others.
  • Blood in discharge: This symptom is a sign of serious problems and should be seen by a vet as soon as possible!
  • Painful urination: If your dog has difficulty urinating or experiences pain while urinating, she may have vaginitis caused by bacterial infections or inflammation of her reproductive organs (the ovaries or uterus).

Diagnosis of Vaginitis in Dogs

The main goal of diagnosing vaginitis in dogs is to determine the underlying cause, so that treatment can be administered accordingly. A veterinarian will perform a physical exam on your pet, including palpation of the vulva and internal reproductive organs. She may also order blood tests or swabs from affected areas to test for bacterial or fungal infections.

If your dog has an infection that can be treated with medication, her veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics, pain relief medication and/or dietary changes to help her recover more quickly. If surgery is necessary, she may recommend local anesthetic before administering anesthesia so that your dog isn’t in pain during the procedure (if you feel comfortable having this done at home).

Treatment of Vaginitis in Dogs

Treatment of vaginitis in dogs is similar to human treatment, though not as complicated. Your vet may prescribe antibiotics, corticosteroids, antiseptics and antiparasitics depending on the cause of your dog’s vaginitis.

The following are some common treatments:

  • Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics are all that is required to treat your dog’s vaginitis. A single injection or oral medication can help eliminate bacterial infections like giardia or coccidia. If you’re worried about an STD affecting your pet’s reproductive system and causing a genital infection like Chlamydia (Chlamydiosis), ask your vet about a course of antibiotic therapy for both male and female dogs alike if necessary!
  • Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids work by suppressing inflammation in the body while also reducing swelling around irritated areas such as those affected by yeast or fungal infections. These medications may be used alongside antibiotics to fight off dangerous bacterial strains that have taken hold inside your pet’s body; however they should never be given without consulting with a qualified veterinarian first because they can cause side effects such as diabetes mellitus if used incorrectly over time!

Pet Insurance

Pet insurance is a type of insurance that covers veterinary costs. Pet owners can purchase pet insurance for their pets directly, through their veterinarians and breeders.

The benefits of pet insurance include:

  • It can help you afford costly treatments if your dog gets sick or injured. Many conditions are not covered by basic health plans, so extra care can cost thousands of dollars without proper coverage.
  • It may cover expenses related to chronic illnesses such as cancer or heart disease. These types of ongoing conditions typically require regular checkups, medication and other treatment that can add up over time.


We know how hard it can be to see your dog in pain, but with a little research and some medical assistance from your vet, you’ll have the tools you need to get them feeling better. It’s important that all pet owners be aware of the signs, so if this doesn’t apply to you right now we hope it will still help you understand vaginitis in dogs and what they can do about it!